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June 2018 upgrade
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About Practical Action
Practical Action is a global innovator, inspiring people to discover and adopt ingenious, practical ways to free themselves from poverty and disadvantage. We are a registered charity.
Improving harvests through planet-friendly farming innovations. Transforming lives through affordable, renewable energy. Reducing vulnerability created by climate change or disaster. Demonstrating sustainable ways to improve clean water access and sanitation. Unlocking economic opportunities that allow whole communities to thrive. These are some of the ways we help people unleash their potential and protect our world for future generations.
The Practical Action infoHub supports this work by making materials, information and publications publically available for people all over the world to access and use.
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Flood Adaptive Rice Cultivation PracticeRice is the major food staple of Nepal and South Asia. It covers more than 50 per cent of total edible cereal production and about 20 per cent to the Agriculture Domestic Product (AGDP) in Nepal. During 2015/2016, rice crop covered almost 1.3 million ha land in Nepal with the average productivity of 3.3 t/ha. Compared to other rice producing countries, rice production in Nepal is quiet low as it suffers from different constraints of abiotic and biotic stresses, low or poor access to input, poor management, poor irrigation and lack of technical knowledge. Extraordinary geography, poor institutional management capacity and recent trend of climate change have further exacerbated rice production challenges in Nepal. Almost 50 per cent of the area of rice cultivation in Nepal is rain fed, 30 per cent irrigated and 15 per cent is estimated to be affected by flash flood. The rain fed lowland that is prone to drought and seasonal flooding covers 104,720 ha of land. Most climate projections for the region suggest that rainfall is likely to intensify and that extreme events like flood and drought will become even more frequent . So, it is necessary to adopt rice production technology adaptive to submergence (flash flood), one of the major rice production constraints, predicted for the coming years.
Synthesis of the Stocktaking Report for the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) formulation process in NepalThe Government of Nepal (GoN) is committed to responding to climate change risks and impacts through integrated policies and affirmative action. The NAP formulation process was established to build on the country’s rich experiences in addressing adaptation through the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), and through it, to address medium and long-term adaptation. The process aims to assist Nepal to reduce its vulnerability to the impacts of climate change by building adaptive capacity and resilience, and by facilitating the integration of climate change adaptation into development planning. The overall objective of this synthesis report is to summarise the information presented in the NAP thematic and cross-cutting sectoral stocktaking reports. The technical synthesis report summarises the stocktaking reports that have been prepared for the nine thematic and cross cutting sectors. It presents relevant information on the impacts of climate change on thematic and cross cutting areas, and on vulnerability and adaptive capacity, and assesses sectoral gaps and needs for the NAP process. The report provides a glimpse of the most relevant data presented in the stocktaking report. It also offers a range of options for dealing with each element of NAP process and is based on the guiding principles of NAP process.